The Transformative Seven: Technologies that can drive Canada's … – RBC Thought Leadership –

Canada wants to guide the world in web zero agriculture, and our organizations wish to play a constructive function in that journey.
To do this, we’ve launched into a long-term analysis mission, rooted in our foundational report, The Subsequent Inexperienced Revolution. We’re following that up with a sequence of smaller stories, to discover the alternatives in coverage, human capital, monetary capital and expertise. None of those are a panacea, however in combination, the themes and analysis can assist get us nearer to our shared objective of a extra sustainable meals system.

This report, focussed on ag-tech, exhibits the alternatives {that a} vary of applied sciences current to Canada―and in addition the necessity for our nation to be strategic in our method. Our crew analyzed funding information, sector pathways, and the affect of public coverage, each in Canada and different nations. We additionally labored with the Inventive Destruction Lab’s ag-tech program, primarily based in Calgary, to achieve insights into the expertise of entrepreneurs.
Canada has a historical past of manufacturing groundbreaking analysis and growth, a vigorous ecosystem of startups, and a deep expertise pool that features tech-savvy farmers, world-class scientists and inventive agri-entrepreneurs. We additionally perceive the crucial to advance a simply transition via expertise moderately than pursuing applied sciences for their very own sake.
Innovation can be key to the low carbon, sustainable meals techniques of the long run. That is Canada’s second to unlock it.

For extra, go to weather.


Think about a bumper crop of wheat grown fully with out chemical fertilizers and utilizing practices that regenerate the soil. Or a swarm of drones that use synthetic intelligence to determine each plant in a subject, sniping solely the weeds with a precision spray. Or a recent slice of salmon sashimi that was grown in a bioreactor, not caught from the ocean.
These are among the many game-changing applied sciences enabling the Subsequent Inexperienced Revolution in agriculture. Like improvements that got here earlier than them, they’re accelerating productiveness to assist feed a rising world inhabitants. However they’re additionally taking part in a essential new function: lowering agricultural emissions and enabling soil to soak up greenhouse gasoline emissions.
Whereas agriculture produces 10% of our nationwide GHGs yearly, its core uncooked supplies—soil, vegetation, and animals—additionally maintain virtually unequalled energy to tug emissions out of the ambiance, the place they contribute to local weather change.
Unlocking that energy, and slicing current emissions, will depend upon many issues: together with supportive coverage, a well-trained workforce, and financing. Critically, this transformation can even hinge on expertise—and our success in each growing it via accountable innovation and placing it to work to assist the financial system, the setting and particular person farm operators. In earlier analysis, we discovered that technological options may play a significant function in slicing as much as 40% of potential 2050 emissions from Canada’s agricultural sector.1
As a high exporter of key crops, with broad market entry and a deep historical past of agricultural innovation, Canada is extraordinarily well-positioned to not simply lead the world within the adoption of those ag-techs however within the growth of them. By participating numerous actors within the Canadian meals system, we will develop applied sciences which might be accountable, inventive, and environment friendly. Certainly, given our benefits, this chance is ours to lose.
We’ve recognized seven key improvements or “ag-techs” we imagine can each meaningfully cut back emissions and current alternatives for Canada to guide. Some, like anaerobic digesters, carbon seize utilization and storage (CCUS) and precision expertise are prepared and beginning to scale now. Others, like vertical farms and plant science can be key options within the medium time period. Nonetheless others, like mobile agriculture and precision fermentation, may remodel the meals techniques of the long run.
In each case, maximizing the potential of those improvements means constructing the proper platforms for collaboration amongst not simply farmers and entrepreneurs, however communities, buyers, firms, social enterprises, and governments. It’ll imply proving to farmers of all kinds that sizeable upfront investments in additional confirmed ag-techs are value it whereas de-risking their leaps of religion into rising applied sciences. We have to additionally watch out that these instruments, a lot of that are capital intensive, don’t harm smaller and medium-sized enterprises and producers and that they’re really deployed to assist Canada obtain each our emission targets and drive a inexperienced financial transition.
Doing this may imply accelerating funding in analysis and growth—significantly amongst personal actors—and directing extra of it towards the applied sciences that may do probably the most to chop emissions now. Because it stands, most ag-tech investments in Canada are centered on productiveness enhancing digitization and automation, which assist enhance yields and enhance farm operations. We’d like extra funding in innovation to advance sustainable and regenerative farming.
World enterprise capital and personal fairness funding in ag-tech since 2017

Able to scale: These applied sciences are already taking part in a job in our effort to cut back emissions in agriculture. They’re developed and commercially accessible, however require the proper incentives, financing, and coverage help to be adopted and scaled.
On observe: These applied sciences are nonetheless thought-about nascent, although they’re commercially accessible. They’ve sturdy potential to assist Canada adapt to the results of local weather change and/or cut back emissions, however nonetheless require additional growth and development.
Least prepared: These applied sciences are principally within the R&D stage and usually not but commercially accessible (a minimum of in Canada). They’ve immense potential to rework the sector and construct on current Canadian strengths and sources.

Canadian agricultural improvements may be discovered on fields all over the world, from canola seeds invented by Prairie scientists to grain augers first imagined in Manitoba. But as we transfer into a brand new period of low emissions agriculture, a lot of our potential to construct on this power—utilizing newfound benefits unlocked by synthetic intelligence and information science—stays untapped.
Agriculture has outpaced different Canadian sectors in funding over the past variety of years—a optimistic signal suggesting each productiveness and rising home demand for equipment and tools with extra expertise embedded in it. However main the world on this house calls for extra funding, significantly from the personal sector. For generations, Canadian agricultural analysis and growth has been overwhelmingly fuelled by public {dollars}. Over the past decade, the general public sector accounted for as a lot as 90% of agricultural R&D, in comparison with about 30% in the US.2
Meantime, Canadian agricultural startups and personal firms have lagged worldwide friends in drawing personal funding. Of roughly US$36 billion in world enterprise capital and personal fairness investments in ag-tech since 2017, Canada obtained simply 3%, or US$1 billion. The U.S. captured US$20 billion or 55%.
Canadian agriculture companies have grown their R&D budgets considerably—a minimum of doubling them from 2015 ranges in recent times. However they nonetheless fall far in need of Canadian public R&D funding, which steadily declined as a p.c of GDP for the reason that Nineteen Eighties. As governments in peer nations just like the U.S. and Europe speed up public spending on sustainable agriculture (for instance through the Inflation Discount Act, and the European Inexperienced Deal), Canada dangers falling even additional behind. It’s crucial for Canada to maintain tempo on incentives to keep away from inserting our producers and firms at a drawback or inflicting a mind drain to different nations. To compete, we’ll want governments to shift extra help to on-farm implementation and uptake of ag-tech regenerative agriculture practices.
And we’ll want companies to drive extra funding—significantly within the applied sciences that maintain probably the most promise to maneuver the needle on local weather change.

Israel, a small nation with little arable land, is already the worldwide chief in digital fertigation. This system employs sensors and cloud-based analytics to find out the focused launch of water and fertilizer straight onto a plant’s roots. Extra lately, the nation has expanded its agricultural focus to develop capabilities in vertical farming and different proteins. Israeli firms are main the world in funding in plant-based proteins, drawing US$160 million as of the primary half of 2022—22% of all funds globally. Funding in novel protein extra broadly is the second largest globally, together with for classy meats (US$320 million as of the primary half of 2022).3 The trade grew 160% within the first half of 2022 with greater than 100 Israeli firms specializing in novel proteins (and greater than 11 of those created between 2021 and 2022 alone). Israel devotes 17% of agricultural spending to analysis and growth.

Lower than 1% of Singapore’s land is arable, however that hasn’t stopped it from setting bold agriculture targets. The nation’s “30 by 30” objective goals to cut back its dependence on meals imports by rising home meals manufacturing to 30% of demand by 2030. As a part of this, the federal government is offering funding to assist farmers improve tools and check new expertise on their farms, whereas additionally supporting innovation and ag-tech growth. Singapore has clear strengths in city and managed setting farming (e.g., vertical farms, contained fish farms, and indoor farm factories that use AI and large information to maximise effectivity), and has extra lately emerged as a hub for the event and regulation of different proteins.4 In 2019, Singapore introduced a regulatory framework for the pre-market evaluation of novel meals and is working with private and non-private sector organizations to help development of mobile agriculture startups. It was the primary nation to approve cell-cultured meat for human consumption in December 2020 and is dwelling to greater than 20 cell-based meat producers.

Disaster drives innovation. After the 2011 tsunami and Fukushima nuclear catastrophe destroyed most close by farmland, the Japanese authorities jumpstarted a vertical farm constructing increase to exchange misplaced manufacturing. Right this moment, Japan has greater than 300 vertical farms—powered by robotic automation and good expertise—to assist preserve its home provide of meals, which can also be more and more challenged by the nation’s growing old inhabitants and migration to cities (inflicting abandonment of farmland).5 The federal government’s 2020 Surroundings Innovation Technique goals to develop climate-smart applied sciences, together with via new breeding varieties that cut back CH4 and N2O emissions from agriculture and livestock.

Regardless of its smaller dimension, the Netherlands is the world’s second largest meals exporter in greenback worth behind the U.S. An agri-food powerhouse, the nation excels at digitizing its greenhouses and fields with good applied sciences. Dutch greenhouses, which account for 80% of cultivated land within the Netherlands, are among the many most superior on this planet. Extra lately, the Netherlands has emerged as a frontrunner in plant-based meals merchandise, pushed largely by improvements from Wageningen College and Analysis Centre. The college is the main analysis hub for the Dutch meals trade and sometimes called “Meals Valley” or the “Silicon Valley of Meals.” House to a US$94 million plant-based meals innovation centre, Wageningen College works with startups and researchers to develop new vegan merchandise. Almost 200 agri-food firms are current inside a 10-km radius of the college, making a dense community of collaboration between the private and non-private sectors. There are greater than 60 firms and analysis establishments centered on plant-based protein within the nation.6

Constructing a low carbon agriculture sector can be a problem in contrast to any we’ve confronted. The excellent news is we now have highly effective expertise to assist us do it. We’ve recognized seven improvements that, if utilized in a method that’s equitable and supported by producers and communities, maintain probably the most promise to chop emissions and retailer or sequester them in soil.
A lot stays open to debate. Irrespective of how highly effective the potential of a expertise is, it’s by no means a panacea, and must be adopted by producers, accepted by shoppers, and supported by coverage. Too typically previously promising technological improvements have additionally harm communities. Contemplating these tensions, our objective right here is to put out the potential of those improvements to chop emissions in Canada and use this evaluation as a lead as much as successive phases of this collaborative mission, the place we’ll street check concepts with a spread of teams and communities throughout Canada.
Boosting funding within the applied sciences we’ve recognized can be key to realizing their potential. Collectively, RBC, BCG Centre for Progress and Innovation Analytics and Arrell Meals Institute gathered one of the best accessible information on present funding ranges. Nonetheless, a lot of this information stays inadequate or undisclosed. Establishing higher transparency on this area can be essential to monitoring our progress going ahead.

The Downside
When utilized to fields, nitrogen fertilizer is a key reason behind emissions. Moreover, tilling or ploughing the soil churns up carbon saved inside it, releasing it into the ambiance the place it contributes to local weather change.
The Resolution
Precision applied sciences like good tractors collect information on farm productiveness and fertilizer use to empower higher, extra granular selections about the place to make use of inputs and in what portions. Different instruments like air seeders and soil sensors can allow farmers to seed and fertilize land with precision, and allow regenerative agriculture practices like decreased tillage that shield soil high quality and biodiversity. At the moment 13MT of carbon is saved in Canadian soil. Our analysis means that by embracing this expertise in addition to regenerative agriculture practices, a further 21MT of carbon may be saved in soil by 2050.
Canadian farmers have made strides in adopting some precision applied sciences. In Saskatchewan, for example, adoption of precision tech has helped 80% of farmers use no-till or conservation tillage. And auto-steering for tractors has been a mainstay on farms for many years. However better adoption of subsequent era instruments that incorporate superior expertise like synthetic intelligence and automatic robotics—powered by information—may take precision farming to a different degree.
The Challenges
Canada lags the worldwide common in funding in precision agricultural expertise and there are a selection of boundaries to adoption amongst producers. To catch up, it should persuade farmers that these subsequent era instruments will work on their farms. Personal and public sectors can assist display the advantages by establishing sponsored subject trials, by establishing carbon markets and by offering the information factors and proof essential to show the expertise’s worth to farmers. Defending that farm information can even be key. Given the variance of soil high quality and make-up throughout the nation, farmers usually tend to belief demonstrations when they’re near their very own operations.


Precision AI produces synthetic intelligence-powered drones with onboard pc imaginative and prescient that permit granular selections to be made on the farm. Its drones can determine each plant species it sees on the sphere, and might goal weeds with precision spraying, thereby lowering using chemical compounds by as much as 95%. Based in Regina, Saskatchewan in 2017, the corporate has grown to over 40 full time staff globally and raised $20 million in seed funding in 2021.

The Downside
The manufacturing of nitrogen fertilizer—key to the increase in yields in latest a long time—entails the combustion of pure gasoline and its conversion into hydrogen. Each processes create giant quantities of carbon dioxide which might be emitted into the ambiance the place they contribute to local weather change. Our estimates counsel fertilizer manufacturing emits 12 MT of emissions yearly. With out change, emissions will rise to 35MT by 2050.
The Resolution
Carbon seize, utilization, and storage techniques (CCUS) entice carbon dioxide emissions earlier than they enter the ambiance, reuse them or compress them into liquid that’s then shipped through pipeline to a storage facility. CCUS has the potential to seize and retailer 7MT of emissions by 2050.
Since 2019, Saskatoon-based Nutrien has been utilizing CCUS to seize carbon dioxide from its Redwater plant. This liquid CO2 is then moved through the Alberta Carbon Trunk Line to grease restoration initiatives in central Alberta. Nutrien despatched roughly 139,000 tonnes of CO2 through this route in 2021.7 However past this, CCUS just isn’t extensively utilized within the Canadian fertilizer trade. And globally, simply six fertilizer amenities use this expertise.8
The Challenges
To allow widespread adoption of CCUS in fertilizer manufacturing, extra infrastructure is vital. This contains carbon sequestration hubs and extensions of current trunk traces to cut back the monetary boundaries confronted by manufacturing amenities. To offer this, we’ll want higher coordination throughout a spread of governments, regulators, and trade. Entry to geological house for storing carbon, allowing for main initiatives, authorized legal responsibility, and different complicated technical points of those initiatives want a cohesive regulatory framework if we’re to extend deployment of capital in carbon seize.

Canadian highlight
Headquartered in Vancouver, B.C., Svante’s expertise permits CO2 to be purified and concentrated inside 60 seconds. This method focuses on separating CO2 from nitrogen. Dilute flue gasoline (generated in industries like metal and oil and gasoline) is diverted to a repeatedly rotating platform the place the CO2 is trapped inside proprietary filters constructed from nano supplies with a excessive capability for CO2 seize. It’s then purified and prepared for storage. The corporate’s first industrial pilot check plant in Saskatchewan, in partnership with Husky Vitality (now Cenovus Vitality), is ready to seize 10,000+ tonnes of CO2 per yr. With decrease capital prices than different current options, this expertise makes large-scale industrial carbon seize potential.

The Downside
The meals that goes into livestock should additionally come out, which creates methane emissions of about 8 MT per yr in Canada, in accordance with our analysis. With out change, these emissions from manure will rise to 10MT by 2050.
The Resolution
Anaerobic digesters flip methane captured from manure (from cows in addition to pigs, chickens, and different ruminant animals) and off-farm natural waste like crop residue, meals waste and silage into renewable pure gasoline, biogas and electrical energy. Digestate, a byproduct, will also be used as an natural fertilizer on fields or as dairy bedding. Anaerobic digesters have the potential to chop emissions by 2MT by 2050.
Canada has 279 biogas initiatives which might be remodeling methane into 196 MW of fresh electrical energy and 6 million GJ of Renewable Pure Fuel (RNG)— the equal of greater than 9 giant hydro dams. And with simply 45 operational digesters within the Canadian agriculture sector as of 2020, probably the most important potential for the expertise’s development is on the farm.9 On-farm anaerobic digesters additionally add one other income stream for farmers prepared and in a position to undertake a mission on their land.
In Canada, biogas growth (together with anaerobic digesters) has been pushed by provincial power and waste administration insurance policies. There may be large alternative for development, particularly in agriculture, the place crop residues and animal manure make up two-thirds of Canada’s simply accessible biogas sources. Along with on-farm vegetation, group digesters have been touted as a pathway to development, the place their use and prices may be cut up amongst a number of farms and probably even native municipalities.
The Challenges
However funding and growth to date is anemic, with simply 29 initiatives underway. (Information on investments in anaerobic digester growth can also be fairly sparse). The excessive prices for constructing these amenities (within the tens of tens of millions per facility, relying on the scale) are a barrier. Whereas there are important tailwinds for the trade, together with from authorities insurance policies just like the clear gas laws and offset markets, better demand for biofuels and derisking buildings like energy buy agreements can even must be developed.


Canadian highlight
DLS Biogas builds biogas vegetation full with distant monitoring capabilities. Biogas vegetation take natural waste (together with manure), seize the methane, and remodel it into renewable pure gasoline, electrical energy, and digestate. As a part of its service providing, DLS Biogas offers feasibility and monetary evaluation, planning and building administration, and full-service operational help for farmers. The Ontario-based firm is a part of the Dairy Lane Methods household of firms, which has offered milking tools and different companies to dairy farmers for greater than 30 years.

The Downside
Typical subject farming produces emissions via fertilizer software. Emissions are additionally created when land is transformed to farming, and when meals is transported from the sphere to the grocery retailer. Managed setting farming has the potential to assist change the sample of land use change, which if left unaltered, will rise from 4MT to 24MT by 2050.
The Resolution
Greenhouses and vertical farms are one of the best identified examples of managed setting farming, which describes the manufacturing of meals in an indoor setting. Vertical farms develop meals indoors in stacked layers.
Vertical farming makes use of solely 10% of the land and requires as much as 90% much less water than standard farming.10 It might additionally create a secure, native provide of fruit and veggies, slicing the necessity for emissions-intensive transportation, and bettering home meals safety. When powered and heated with fossil fuels like propane—as many are actually—greenhouses can really add to our emissions footprint. However within the longer run, if these operations use low carbon or renewable power, they could possibly be a supply of low emissions meals. Managed setting agriculture additionally permits extra meals to be produced on much less land. When matched with the proper insurance policies to create incentives to guard land, this creates new alternatives to create wildlife habitat and seize carbon in soil. However whereas this tech is viable for microgreens and different greens and fruits, it’s not at the moment a possible possibility for different main crops resembling berries.
Our estimates counsel we will keep away from 20MT of emissions by stopping land use change between now and 2050.
Based on the newest Census of Agriculture, Canada has roughly 5,000 greenhouses and nurseries. Massive investments are additionally being made to develop vertical farming, together with just a few authorities packages and a $65M funding by McCain Meals.
The Challenges
Prices stay a hurdle. Along with capital prices resembling land and the buildings themselves, electrical energy bills for LED lighting, which take the place of pure sunshine within the rising cycle, are typically the largest finances merchandise for vertical farms. Vertical farms can’t fairly compete with standard subject farming but and operators have struggled with zoning legal guidelines that don’t acknowledge indoor farming as agriculture.


Canadian highlight
Based in 2011, GoodLeaf Farms was impressed by indoor hydroponic farming in Japan. Its pilot farm was constructed close to Truro, Nova Scotia in 2015 and the corporate launched its first full-scale industrial farm in Guelph, Ontario in 2019. GoodLeaf grows microgreens and child greens year-round utilizing a hydroponic system, together with LED lights and managed warmth and humidity. Its merchandise, together with micro arugula, lettuce, child spinach, and extra, are offered in Ontario.

The Downside
Every year, a single cow will belch about 220 kilos of methane.11 The methane from cattle is shorter lived than carbon dioxide however 28 occasions stronger by way of warming the planet. In Canada, enteric fermentation (the digestive course of in livestock) contributes roughly 24 MT of GHGs.
The Resolution
Scientists have found  cut back cattle emissions via the intestine microbiome. Feed components like 3-NOP (3-nitrooxypropanol), algae and seaweed dietary supplements suppress the enzyme that triggers the manufacturing of methane. They’ll additionally assist cows digest meals extra effectively. Components and dietary supplements have the potential to chop emissions by 16MT by 2050.
3-NOP has been proven to chop emissions by as a lot as 45% whereas including seaweed to the food regimen of dairy cows may reduce emissions by as a lot as 82%. Scientists are additionally working to make sure that this may be performed with out yield losses—probably even bettering the effectivity of cattle (that’s, serving to them develop extra utilizing much less feed). 12
The Challenges
The most important problem to scaling feed components is regulatory approval. 3-NOP has been authorized in Brazil and within the European Union, the place it was categorized beneath feed components that provide an environmental profit (streamlining the trail to commercialization). However in Canada, the place it’s categorized as a veterinary drug, it’s unlikely to be authorized for a number of years.
Price can also be a key barrier. With no value on greenhouse gases (resembling a carbon tax), farmers lack the motivation to undertake methane-reducing components as a result of there’s not but a transparent financial profit—solely an environmental one. Whereas a carbon credit score scheme may assist, there’s nonetheless a heavy burden positioned on the farmer to assemble information to achieve the credit score.

Canadian highlight
Established in 2007 in PEI, North Atlantic Organics (NAO) produces mineral dietary supplements for animals and vegetation utilizing natural sea vegetation (seaweeds). Inspiration for the enterprise got here to co-founder Joe Dorgan when he tried to transform his dairy herd to natural however was unable to discover a pure supply for mineral dietary supplements. A breakthrough arrived in 2014, when Rob Kinley, an agricultural scientist working with the corporate, discovered that its seaweed cattle combine was in a position cut back methane emissions from cow’s digestion by 20%.13 The corporate is at the moment within the means of growing mineral dietary supplements for vegetation and hopes to scale up manufacturing.

The Downside
Local weather change is leading to excessive climate occasions that may decimate crops. The overuse of fertilizer, as detailed above, generates nitrous oxide emissions.
The Resolution
Agricultural biotechnology makes use of selective breeding, genetic engineering, gene enhancing, and tissue tradition to speed up and complement conventional approaches to supply crops and livestock with fascinating traits, resembling enhanced illness or drought tolerance (amongst different issues). Its origins are in plant and animal breeding, which have been used for 1000’s of years to assist produce new kinds of crops and enhance yields. Canola, invented in Saskatchewan within the Nineteen Sixties, is one instance. Along with breeding, genomic approaches that search to boost microbiomes, resembling within the soil or the heart of animals, can allow carbon sequestration or forestall illness. Using ag biotech approaches for carbon emissions discount is comparatively new and within the R&D section.
Ag biotech can create crops that enhance uptake of nitrogen and different vitamins in soil (thereby lowering using fertilizer). It might additionally create vegetation with better resiliency to illness and excessive climate occasions (like flooding and drought), and optimize soil microbes to enhance soil fertility and increase plant development.
Among the most fun agricultural analysis is now going down beneath the soil, as scientists examine the ability of microbiomes and root buildings to counter local weather change. Some are inspecting the potential to regulate photosynthesis to speed up carbon sequestration. Others are growing microbiomes inoculated from illness. Biofertilizers are additionally being developed to safe the atmospheric nitrogen wanted for vegetation to thrive.
The Challenges
Among the many largest boundaries to funding in Canada are laws of vegetation with novel traits, that are extra stringent than these of opponents. A survey of plant breeders performed by CropLife Canada discovered {that a} quarter of plant breeding analysis was halted after initiatives have been decided to be “novel” and thus, topic to PNT threat assessments and approvals that would value as much as tens of millions of {dollars} earlier than a product could possibly be commercialized. Seventy-seven p.c of respondents indicated that the PNT regulatory framework wanted to be up to date to mirror present ranges of data. One other 27% indicated they performed subject trials outdoors of Canada to keep away from necessities pertaining to PNT varieties.

Canadian highlight
Okanagan Specialty Fruits, primarily based in Summerland, B.C., grows novel tree fruit varieties developed via bioengineering. Its flagship product is the Arctic apple, which doesn’t flip brown when bitten, sliced, or bruised (however does flip brown when it begins to rot). The corporate holds world mental property rights in compositions and strategies for regulating expression of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) genes to regulate enzymatic browning in tree fruits.

The Downside
Livestock produce emissions via enteric fermentation and manure, as detailed above. The sample of land use change additionally generates emissions.
The Resolution
Mobile agriculture is a self-discipline that may remodel yeast, micro organism, cell samples and fungi into novel types of proteins that may function alternate options for dairy or lab-grown meat and fish. It has the potential to supply alternate options to livestock and dairy merchandise that require much less land and inputs.
The lab-grown course of is taken into account extra sustainable because it makes use of much less water and land to supply meals and emits fewer greenhouse gases than a subject of cows or barn stuffed with chickens. 
And Canada has a plentiful provide of feedstock, significantly carbohydrates, starches, and sugars, which could possibly be used for cell-based agriculture merchandise.14 (We at the moment eliminate leftover starches from peas after its proteins are used to make plant-based meats. This might as a substitute be fed to specifically bred micro-organisms resembling yeast, which may then be used to make the proteins usually present in dairy merchandise).
The Challenges
Excessive upfront prices make beginning a mobile agriculture firm troublesome. Investor schooling has additionally been a barrier. Apart from just a few specialised funding companies, entrepreneurs say most buyers don’t sufficiently perceive the nuances of meals science to gauge the potential of the vertical. Funding quantities are typically low, with shorter phrases. Entrepreneurs say extra affected person capital is required to develop their firms.

Canadian highlight
Cell Ag Tech is an Ontario-based mobile agriculture startup growing cell-cultured seafood, with a present concentrate on lean white fish. Cell Ag Tech was lately introduced as a winner in Canada’s regional mobile agriculture competitors, AcCELLerate-ON, for its work on scaling fish muscle stem cells in 2D and 3D. Earlier this yr, Cell Ag Tech additionally entered into an settlement to collaborate with the Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Drugs to develop a course of for rising fish cells in bioreactors.

The Subsequent Inexperienced Revolution depends upon each placing prepared applied sciences to work and responsibly growing the game-changing improvements that can outline the long run. Although different nations are quickly mobilizing their very own sources to perform these targets, few are as well-positioned as Canada to guide.
The next actions can be key to catalyzing the funding wanted to scale the Transformative Seven, in addition to take away key boundaries to their adoption. Within the subsequent phases of our report sequence, we’ll achieve a greater understanding of how expertise (buttressed by coverage) may be utilized to help producers (particularly small- and medium-sized farms), foster acceptance by shoppers and be inclusive of all stakeholders.

For extra, go to weather.


Trinh Theresa Do, Senior Supervisor, Thought Management Technique
Naomi Powell, Managing Editor, Economics and Thought Management
John Stackhouse, Senior Vice President
Colin Guldimann, Economist
Benjamin Richardson, Analysis Affiliate
Farah Huq, Senior Director, Content material Technique
Darren Chow, Senior Supervisor, Digital Media
Zeba Khan, Supervisor, Digital Publishing
Aidan Smith-Edgell, Analysis Affiliate
Kitty Wu, Intern
Gwen Paddock, Director, Sustainability & Local weather – Agriculture
Brenda Bouw, Freelance Author

Boston Consulting Group
Keith Halliday, Director, Centre for Canada’s Future
Chris Fletcher, Managing Director and Companion
Sonya Hoo, Managing Director and Companion
Wendi Backler, Companion and Director, BCG Centre for Progress and Innovation Analytics
Youssef Aroub, Mission Chief
Pilar Pedrinelli, Guide
Rachit Sharma, Lead Information Analyst, BCG Centre for Progress and Innovation Analytics

Arrell Meals Institute, College of Guelph
Evan Fraser, Director
Deus Mugabe, Ph.D. Candidate, Plant Agriculture
Dr. Jesus Pulido-Castanon, Publish-doctoral Analysis Affiliate
Emily Duncan, PhD Candidate

Along with these cited on this report, we’d wish to thank the next people for his or her insights:


This text is meant as common info solely and isn’t to be relied upon as constituting authorized, monetary or different skilled recommendation. An expert advisor needs to be consulted concerning your particular state of affairs. Data offered is believed to be factual and up-to-date however we don’t assure its accuracy and it shouldn’t be considered an entire evaluation of the themes mentioned. All expressions of opinion mirror the judgment of the authors as of the date of publication and are topic to vary. No endorsement of any third events or their recommendation, opinions, info, services or products is expressly given or implied by Royal Financial institution of Canada or any of its associates.
A collaboration with BCG Centre for Canada’s Future and Arrell Meals Institute on the College of Guelph

November 30, 2022
January 17, 2023
January 17, 2023
January 13, 2023
Royal Financial institution of Canada Web site, © 1995-
Authorized | Accessibility | Privateness & Safety


Scroll to Top